Cannabidiol or CBD is cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. This natural chemical compound interacts with mammals or human’s biological system endocannabinoid [ECS]. ECS regulates variety of physiological and cognitive processes like pain-sensation, appetite, sleep and mood. This is crucial for balance in the body or homeostasis. CBD introduction with other cannabinoids helps in regulation and homeostasis.
CBD can ease medical condition symptoms like –
- Mood disorders
- Stress and anxiety
- Chronic pain
- Immune system ailments
There is a misconception that CBD is derived from cannabis, so it causes the high. Actually, this is not real. THC or tetrahydrocannabinol causes the euphoric high or the stone feeling, when marijuana is consumed or smoked.
CBD is a non-psychoactive compound producing calming effect, especially if the product is extracted from hemp. Hemp belongs to cannabis family but has very low percentage of THC and high level of CBD.
FDA has approved the growth, selling, buying, and consuming hemp-based CBD products. However, CBD research is still in its early phase because of legal restrains but is being conducted consistently.
However, some studies have noted some side effects connected with CBD ingestion like diarrhea and low blood pressure but otherwise everyone agrees that it is reasonably safe.
How to determine appropriate CBD dosage?
Even if CBD is non-psychoactive, measured dosage is recommended. There are several criteria to consider for determining a suitable CBD dosage.
- Concentration – Strength of CBD in a specific product is measured in mg [milligrams]. This means if a bottle has 30 mL of tincture and 1500 mg CBD concentration recommending 1mL as standard serving size. It means every 1 mL will offer CBD around 50 mg. the user does not ingest 1500 mg with every dose.
- Body weight – Heavy people will need high CBD dosage to experience relief, while people with less weight can feel same effect using low dosage.
- Desired effect – Discomfort and pain severity also needs to be considered. Severe anxiety and extreme pain calls for high dosage to reduce their symptoms. For mild condition use low dose with less obvious effect.
- Tolerance – Overtime, the user may develop tolerance. It means effect gets reduced with same dosage. It will be time to increase dosage to attain desired results. CBD is nontoxic, so increasing dosage is safe.
- Delivery method – Users get to opt from different CBD forms including –
- Oils & tinctures – The products differ in terms of concentration. They can be applied sublingually or blended with food. Tinctures take some time to kick in but last long.
- Vape oil – Vape pen is used to inhale CBD vape oil. Effects will depend on how user inhales and the duration vapor is held inside, before exhaling. Vape oil effects can be experienced instantly in comparison to tinctures.
- Edibles – Gummies, capsules, cookies, chocolates, and more are eaten. They pass the digestive system, so onset time is longer as well as its effects are more prolonged.
- Topical – Creams, salves, balms, therapeutic oils and lotions are included in CBD topical. You can apply them directly on the outermost skin layer. The CBD binds with ECS receptors in the skin, which soothe the pain and inflammation.
CBD overdosing is impossible because cannabinoid receptors are not located in brain like THC receptors. One thing to bear in mind is that buy branded products carrying 3rd party testing, product information and manufacturing process details.